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TitleGenetic diversity analysis of maintainer and restorer accessions in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)
AuthorsDeepak R. Sapkal, Satish R. Sutar,
Prajwal B. Thakre, Bhaskar R. Patil,
Andrew H. Paterson, Vijay N. Waghmare
Year2011
Taxoncotton
PDFDiversityAnalysis-JPBB20011.pdf
PublicationJ. Plant Biochem. Biotechnol. (Jan-June 2011) 20(1):20-28
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AbstractGenetic diversity amongst 91 upland cotton accessions (50 maintainer, 'B' and 41 restorer 'R' lines) and three wild species viz., G. aridum, G. thurberi and G. anomalum was analyzed using SSR and RAPD markers. A total of 53 primers (30 SSR and 23 RAPD) were sampled for screening 94 accessions, of which 26 SSR and 17 RAPD primers were polymorphic. Average polymorphism detected by SSR, RAPD and SSR + RAPD markers was 72.5, 62 and 66.66 per cent, respectively. A unique marker CIR-200260 that distinguishes G. thurberi from all upland accessions has been identified. Similarity coefficient values within and between B and R lines ranged from 0.65-0.95, 0.61-0.98 and 0.53-0.93 for SSR and 0.72-0.98, 0.73-0.97 and 0.69-0.98 for RAPD markers. UPGMA cluster analysis was consistent with the pedigree and genotypic background of the accessions. RAPD and SSR matrices showed significant positive product moment correlation (r=0.93 and 0.92) with the RAPD + SSR combined data matrix, respectively. The result indicates a moderate level of genetic diversity in B and R accessions of upland cotton. Genetically diverse combinations were identified to further evaluate heterotic performance. The maintainer, AKH-108, AKH-118 and AKH-2173; and restorer AKH-31 and AKH 4943 accession were identified as most distinct and divergent, could be used as candidate parental genotypes in hybrid and varietal development programme and also development of mapping population for trait mapping in cotton.

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